Detail for TGFβ isoforms

Full Name

Transforming growth factor beta-1, 2, 3

Gene Name


Related Disease

  • Breast Cancer [ref.1]

Therapy Method


Multifunctional protein that controls proliferation, differentiation and other functions in many cell types. Many cells synthesize TGFB1 and have specific receptors for it. It positively and negatively regulates many other growth factors. It plays an important role in bone remodeling as it is a potent stimulator of osteoblastic bone formation, causing chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation in committed osteoblasts. TGFB2 has suppressive effects on interleukin-2 dependent T-cell growth.


  • [1] The BMP2/7 heterodimer inhibits the human breast cancer stem cell subpopulation and bone metastases formation.
    Buijs, J. T., et al. (2012). Oncogene 31(17): 2164-2174.. [ 21996751 ]

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