Detail for ABCG2

Full Name

ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2

Uniprot ID

Gene Name



Related Disease

  • Cervical Cancer [ref.1, 6]
  • Breast Cancer [ref.1, 4, 7]
  • Retinoblastoma [ref.2]
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia [ref.3]
  • Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma [ref.5]
  • Kindey Cancer [ref.8]
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer [ref.8]


High-capacity urate exporter functioning in both renal and extrarenal urate excretion. Plays a role in porphyrin homeostasis as it is able to mediates the export of protoporhyrin IX (PPIX) both from mitochondria to cytosol and from cytosol to extracellular space, and cellular export of hemin, and heme. Xenobiotic transporter that may play an important role in the exclusion of xenobiotics from the brain. Appears to play a major role in the multidrug resistance phenotype of several cancer cell lines. Implicated in the efflux of numerous drugs and xenobiotics: mitoxantrone, the photosensitizer pheophorbide, camptothecin, methotrexate, azidothymidine (AZT), and the anthracyclines daunorubicin and doxorubicin.


  • [1] Dofequidar fumarate sensitizes cancer stem-like side population cells to chemotherapeutic drugs by inhibiting ABCG2/BCRP-mediated drug export.
    Katayama, R., et al. (2009). Cancer Sci 100(11): 2060-2068.. [ 19673889 ]
  • [2] Cancer stem cell characteristics in retinoblastoma.
    Seigel, G. M., et al. (2005). Mol Vis 11: 729-737.. [ 16179903 ]
  • [3] Salinomycin overcomes ABC transporter-mediated multidrug and apoptosis resistance in human leukemia stem cell-like KG-1a cells.
    Fuchs, D., et al. (2010). Biochem Biophys Res Commun 394(4): 1098-1104.. [ 20350531 ]
  • [4] Effects of stealth liposomal daunorubicin plus tamoxifen on the breast cancer and cancer stem cells.
    Guo, J., et al. (2010). J Pharm Pharm Sci 13(2): 136-151.. [ 20816001 ]
  • [5] Alteration of cancer stem cell-like phenotype by histone deacetylase inhibitors in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
    Chikamatsu, K., et al. (2013). Cancer Sci 104(11): 1468-1475.. [ 23992541 ]
  • [6] ABCG2 inhibitor YHO-13351 sensitizes cancer stem/initiating-like side population cells to irinotecan.
    Shishido, Y., et al. (2013). Anticancer Res 33(4): 1379-1386.. [ 23564776 ]
  • [7] Novel acrylonitrile derivatives, YHO-13177 and YHO-13351, reverse BCRP/ABCG2-mediated drug resistance in vitro and in vivo.
    Yamazaki, R., et al. (2011). Mol Cancer Ther 10(7): 1252-1263.. [ 21566063 ]
  • [8] Hedgehog pathway inhibitor HhAntag691 is a potent inhibitor of ABCG2/BCRP and ABCB1/Pgp.
    Zhang, Y., et al. (2009). Neoplasia 11(1): 96-101.. [ 19107236 ]

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